Aloevera farming information guide ,cost and profit
HOW TO START ALOEVERA FARMING
Aloevera farming business profit has highly increased with the growing demand of herbal and pharmaceutical companies. The aloevera plant famous all over the world for his medicinal value.It is a very hardy perennial tropical plant that can be grow drought areas as well. Aloe vera derives its name from the Arabic word “Alloeh”which means “shining bitter substance” because of the bitter liquid found in the leaves and Vera which means “true” in Latin. Aleo vera is a medicinal plant that does not require a lot of cultivation efforts and returns huge benefits with minimal investments. Aloe Vera referred in India as ” kumari ” in ayurvedic treatments, where it was widely used to treat sore eyes, abrasions and wounds.Aloe is used in various forms, including pulp, juice, aloe medicines, cosmetics, etc. Aloe Vera has many medicinal properties and is effective in the treatment of various body conditions.Many processing units have already been set up in the country, according to market demand, and an estimated 300 industries process Aloe Vera leaf. Aloe Vera leaf.The lower leaf of the aloevera plant is used for medicinal purpose.If the lower leaf is sliced open, the gel obtained can be applied on the affected area of the skin.Leaves and seeds are the two edible parts of Aloe Vera.
Name of the plant
Scientific name: Aloe barbadensis Mill.
Local name of alovera plant
English: Aloe barbadosaloe, Curacao aloe, Jaffarabad aloe and Indian Aloe
Hindi: Kunvar pathu and Gheekanvar
Sanskrit: Ghrit Kumari
Aloevera Farming guide
For Aloevera farming 2 acre of land is needed for the profitable outcome at the beginning .it is generally cultivated in the dry region with minimal rainfall and warm humid region. So the suitable selection of land is required with dry region and low water stagnation soils. Sandy soils and well drained black cotton soils is very suitable for the perfect growth of Aloe Vera farming. In land selection we should select those land which is at little height with ground level so as to avoid rain water stagnation also the well drained light sandy soil is best.Normally it flowers during October to January and the long inflorescence comes out which has a large number of small pink flowers all around.
Chinensis , Littorallis and Aloe Abyssinica are the different varieties of aloe vera however for aloe vera farming in india IEC 111271 , AAL1 , IEC 111269 are highly productive hybrid for farming.
Commercially important sub-species are Aloe barbedensis, A. chinensis, A. perfoliata, A. vulgaris, A indica, A. littoralis and A. abyssinica. National Botanical and Plant Genetic Resource, ICAR, has released varieties like IC111271, IC111269, IC111280 etc.Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, has also released the AL-1 variety for cultivation. Aloe vera farmer should be cultivate hybrid varieties to obtain high yield.
The aloe vera plant successfully grown in low rainfall regions and dry areas with humid conditions.The alovera plant can not tolerate extreme cold conditions.It can be seen that this plant growing well in warm and humid climate.The plant flourished well on dry sandy soil at localities with lower annual rainfall of 50 to 300 mm.it need protection against frost.
It is generally aloe vera propagated by root suckers or rhizome cuttings. For this purpose, medium sized root suckers are chosen and carefully dug out without damaging the parent plant at the base and directly planted in the main field.
It can also be propagated through rhizome cuttings.In this case, the underground rhizome is also dug out after harvesting the aloevera plant and cut into 5 – 6 cm long cuttings that should have a minimum of of 2-3 nodes on them.It is rooted in specially prepared sand beds or containers and is ready for transplantation after sprouting.On an average, in alovera farming about 36500 suckers are required for a nursery of 1 ha size (14550 for 1 acre nursery).
Seed and sowing
It is propagated through suckers.The suckers are dipped in 5 minutes in 0.1% Carbendazim solution and planted in the field. 10,000 suckers are required to plant one hectare of land.
Land preparation and planting
The land is ploughed and cross ploughed thoroughly.Farm manure is added during the last plough @ 15 t / ha. Ridges and furrows form at a distance of 45 or 60 cm. If needed, the plot can be irrigated. The suckers are planted at 40 or 30 cm apart, maintaining the spacing between two plants.
Planting time of aloevera farming
The suckers should be planted in july to august to get better field survival and subsequent growth.However under irrigated condition aloevera farming can be start any time of the year expect in winter season (nov to feb).The sucker should be 3 to 4 months old and having 4 -5 leaves, 20-25 cm length .
Manures and fertilizers
The crop responds well to the application of farm yard manure and compost. In the first year of plantation, FYM @15 t/ha is applied during the land preparation. During the following years, the same FYM dose is applied every year. In addition to N: P: K 50:50:50 kg / ha is used as a basal dose.
Aloe vera farming can be successfully cultivated both under irrigated and rainfed conditions. Provision of irrigation immediately after planting and during summer season will ensure good production. However, the aloevera plants are highly sensitive to water logged conditions.
To get better production irrigation at different stages of growth are required as follows:
- First irrigation just after planting of suckers.
- Give 2 to 3 irrigation subsequently till the plants get established.4 to 6 times irrigation is enough in a year for properly growth.
Inter culture operation
- The field should be kept free from weeds throughout the growing period
- 2-3 hand weeding per year to promote growth and suckering
- removing regularly diseased plants and dried flower stakes
The ground is to be carefully prepared to keep free from weeds and the soil should be kept ideally slightly acidic.The soil should be supplied supplement in the from of ammonium nitrate every year.The plants are set spaced out by 24 inches in rows.At that rate,about 9000
Unit cost per acre in alovera farming
In the present model, the unit cost for the development of aloevera in 1 ha of land works out to be Rs.68700.00. This may be modified to suit the local conditions taking into account the different techno-economic parameters prevailing in the locality.
ALOEVERA FARMING COST
Unit Size : 1.0 ha. (Figs. in Rs.)
|MATERL||1st year||2nd year||3rd year|
Varieties : IC111271, IC111269, AL-1, etc.
Spacing : 45cm x 40cm , 60cm x 30cm
Plant population : 55000 / ha
FYM : 15 t/ha
Fertilizers : 50 : 50 : 50 kg/ha of N : P : K
Financial parameters :
Planting material (per sucker) 0.50
Wage rate (per manday) 60.00
FYM (per tonne) 300.00
Fertilizers per kg
Sale prices of leaves / t 2000
Maintenance cost : Year 3 – 5 21350 (per year)
aloevera plant medicinal benefit
ALOE VERA MEDICINAL BENEFITS
- Mix with the honey and take it in morming and evening cures constipation.
- mix with sugar help to cures cough and cold
- It contains 12 typesof vitamins 2o kinds of amino acid
- Helps to boosts the immune system
- The pure internal gel from the aloe leaf is the best natural remedy for abrasions of the skin and also helps to reduce the symptoms of aging skin conditions.
- Helps in curing wounds
- Aloe vera helps in strengthening the immune system. The use of aloe gel also destroys cancerous tumors effectively
- Aloe vera has been a primary component in many skin products that help in retaining youthfulness through healthier skin
Some inorganic elements ( vanadium, manganes,copper) and especially the poly saccharides present in aloevera which play a significant role to control antidiabetic activities.
Many researchers have said that Aloe vera inhibits the growth of certain microorganisms such as str. Pyogenes, shigella, klebs, flexneri etc.
Promotes Hair Growth
Aloe vera is a excellent option for promoting hair growth naturally. The hair products that contain it are essential to retain voluminous and healthy hair. A person can apply its gel on the entire scalp and hair to treat loss hair. Aloevera juice has an enzyme that is beneficial in stimulating hair growth. Aloe vera shampoo improves blood circulation and keeps away from stress and mental strain. In fact, it has anti-inflammatory properties that effectively treat ‘Androgenetic Alopecia’. Using it as a shampoo and conditioner regularly helps to avoid the troubling problem of premature hair loss.