Aloevera farming information guide ,cost and profit
HOW TO START ALOEVERA FARMING
Aloevera farming business profit has highly increased with the growing demand of herbal and cosmetic product and pharmaceutical companies. The aloevera plant famous all over the world for his medicinal value.It is a very hardy pereninnal tropical plant that can be grow drought areas as well. Aloe vera derives its name from the Arabic word “Alloeh”which means “shining bitter substance” because of the bitter liquid found in the leaves and Vera which means “true” in Latin. Aleo vera is a medicinal plant which does not need a lot of efforts for cultivation and returns huge benefits at minimal investments. In India Aloe, Vera has been referring to as “kumari’ in Ayurvedic treatments where it was popularly use to treat the sore eyes, abrasions and wounds. Aloe is use in various forms including pulp, juice, aloe medicines, cosmetics etc .Aloe Vera is full of medicinal properties & it is effective in treating various body ailments. According to market demand, many processing units have already established in the country & according to an estimation, more than 300 industries are processing Aloe Vera leaf.The lower leaf of the aloevera plant is used for medicinal purpose.If the lower leaf is sliced open, the gel obtained can be applied on the affected area of the skin.Leaves and seeds are the two edible parts of Aloe Vera.
Name of the plant
Scientific name: Aloe barbadensis Mill.
Local name of alovera plant
English: Aloe barbadosaloe, Curacao aloe, Jaffarabad aloe and Indian Aloe
Hindi: Kunvar pathu and Gheekanvar
Sanskrit: Ghrit Kumari
Aloevera Farming guide
For Aloevera farming 2 acre of land is needed for the profitable outcome at the beginning .it is generally cultivated in the dry region with minimal rainfall and warm humid region. So the suitable selection of land is required with dry region and low water stagnation soils. Sandy soils and well drained black cotton soils is very suitable for the perfect growth of Aloe Vera farming. In land selection we should select those land which is at little height with ground level so as to avoid rain water stagnation also the well drained light sandy soil is best. Normally it flowers during October to January and the long inflorescence has a large number of small pink flowers all around. Fruits are developed during February to April.
Chinensis , Littorallis and Aloe Abyssinica are the different varieties of aloe vera however for aloe vera farming in india IEC 111271 , AAL1 , IEC 111269 are highly productive hybrid for farming.
Commercially important sub-species are Aloe barbedensis, A. chinensis, A. perfoliata, A. vulgaris, A indica, A. littoralis and A. abyssinica. National Botanical and Plant Genetic Resource, ICAR, has released varieties like IC111271, IC111269, IC111280 etc. Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, has also released the variety AL-1 for cultivation.To get high yield from aloe Vera plant farmer should be cultivate hybrid varieties
The aloe vera plant successfully grown in low rainfall regions and dry areas with humid conditions.The alovera plant can not tolerate extreme cold conditions
It is generally aloe vera propagated by root suckers or rhizome cuttings. For this purpose, medium sized root suckers are chosen and carefully dug out without damaging the parent plant at the base and directly planted in the main field.
It can also be propagated through rhizome cuttings. In this case, after the harvest of the crop, the underground rhizome is also dug out and made in 5-6 cm length cuttings which should have a minimum of 2-3 nodes on them. It is rooted in specially prepared sand beds or containers and after starting sprouting, it is ready for transplanting. On an average, in alovera farming about 36500 suckers are required for a nursery of 1 ha size (14550 for 1 acre nursery).
Seed and sowing
It is propagated through suckers. The suckers are dipped in 0.1 % Carbendazim for five minutes and planted in the field. For planting one hectare of land, 10,000 suckers are required.
Land preparation and planting
The land is ploughed and cross ploughed thoroughly. Farm yard manure is added @ 15 t/ha during the last ploughing. Ridges and furrows are formed at 45 or 60cm apart. The plot may be irrigated if necessary. The suckers are planted at 40 or 30cm apart, maintaining the spacing suggested.
Manures and fertilizers
The crop responds well to the application of farm yard manure and compost. In the first year of plantation, FYM @15 t/ha is applied during the land preparation. During the subsequent years, the same dose of FYM is applied every year. Besides 50 :50:50 kg/ha of N:P:K is applied as basal dose.
Aloe vera farming can be successfully cultivated both under irrigated and rainfed conditions. Provision of irrigation immediately after planting and during summer season will ensure good yields. However, the plants are sensitive to water logged conditions.
Unit cost per acre in alovera farming
In the present model, the unit cost for the development of aloevera in 1 ha of land works out to be Rs.68700.00. This may be modified to suit the local conditions taking into account the different techno-economic parameters prevailing in the locality.
ALOEVERA FARMING COST
Unit Size : 1.0 ha. (Figs. in Rs.)
Plant protection chemicals
Sub Total – I
Preparation of ridges and furrows and planting
Application of manures and fertilizers
Spraying of plant protection chemicals
Packing, loading etc.
Sub Total – II
Unit cost : Rs. 68700.00 (capitalised upto the 2nd year)
Year 3 to 5
Varieties : IC111271, IC111269, AL-1, etc.
Spacing : 45cm x 40cm , 60cm x 30cm
Plant population : 55000 / ha
FYM : 15 t/ha
Fertilizers : 50 : 50 : 50 kg/ha of N : P : K
Financial parameters :
Planting material (per sucker) 0.50
Wage rate (per manday) 60.00
FYM (per tonne) 300.00
Fertilizers per kg
Sale prices of leaves / t 2000
Maintenance cost : Year 3 – 5 21350 (per year)
ALOE VERA MEDICINAL BENEFITS
- Mix with the honey and take it in morming and evening cures constipation.
- mix with sugar help to cures cough and cold
- It contains 12 typesof vitamins 2o kinds of amino acid
- Helps to boosts the immune system
- The pure inner gel extracted from the aloe leaf is the best natural remedy for skin abrasions and it also helps to diminish the symptoms of aging skin conditions
- Helps in curing wounds
- Aloe vera helps in strengthening the immune system. The use of aloe gel also destroys cancerous tumors effectively
- Aloe vera has been a primary component in many skin products that help in retaining youthfulness through healthier skin
Some inorganic elements ( vanadium, manganes,copper) and especially the poly saccharides present in aloevera whic play a significant role to control antidiabetic activities.
Many researchers mentioned that Aloe vera inhibits the growth of some microorganism like str. pyogenes, shigella, flexneri, klebsiella sp.
Promotes Hair Growth
Aloe vera has proven to be an excellent option for promoting hair growth naturally. The hair products that contain it are essential to retain voluminous and healthy hair. A person can apply its gel on the entire scalp and hair to treat hair loss. It has an enzyme that is beneficial in stimulating hair growth. Aloe vera shampoo improves blood circulation and keeps away from stress and mental strain. In fact, it has anti-inflammatory properties that effectively treat ‘Androgenetic Alopecia’. Using it regularly as shampoo and conditioner, helps to prevent the disturbing problem of premature hair loss.