The ultimate guide for dragon fruit farming (2018)

dragon fruit-

dragon fruit cultivation

Introduction of Dragon fruit farming

According to the myth the dragon fruit  are created the thousand year ago by fire breathing Dragon. During a battle when the dragon would breathe fire the last thing to come out would be fruit. After the dragon was death the fruit is collected and gift to the emperor as a treasure .

The origin of this fruit was south America.its popular various name like pitaya,moon lover,Night blooming(),strawberry pear,belle of night,Condrella plant etc.Over time its cultivation has spread to south eastern asia s well,and it is a quite common fruit in the country of china,Thailand,Vietnam, Srilanka ,Israel.This plant is treated as a ornamental plants as well as fruit producing plant.This fruit can be used in jams ,jelly,ice cream,fruit juice and wine production.

  • Family- cactaceae
  • Scientific name-Hybcereus undatus
  • Origin-South America
  • Weight-150 to 600 grams,some reach 1 kilograms

dragon fruit-

Nutritional value of dragon fruit plant

this fruit is full of nutrients.the creamy white flesh spotted with black seeds way to many rich and natural properties.this fruits content around 60 calories each and are rich in vitamin C,B1,B2,and B3,and minerals such as calcium,iron,phosphorus.

Dragon Fruit Benefit

Serving Size: 3.5 ounces (100 grams), fresh

Amt. Per
Serving
% Daily
Value*
Calories 60
Calories from Fat 0
Total Fat 1.5 g  
Saturated Fat    
Trans Fat
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium    
Total Carbohydrates 9 g  
Dietary Fiber 1 g  
Sugar 9 g
Protein 2 g

*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

Benefits of dragon fruit for skin, hair health are surplus. Here you will learn what is dragon fruit good for

Dragon fruit benefits for Skin

  1. Fights Signs Of Aging
  2. Treats Acne
  3. Soothes Sunburned Skin
  4. Promotes Skin Health
  5. Provides Essential Moisture To Dry Skin

 Dragon fruit benefits for Hair 

  1. Treats Colored Hair
  2. Promotes Healthy Hair

Dragon fruit benefit for Health 

  1. Lowers Cholesterol
  2. Helps With Stomach Ailments
  3. Lowers Blood Sugar
  4. Improves Cardiovascular Health
  5. Cuts Low Hemoglobin Risk
  6. Helps In Weight Management
  7. Prevents Cancer
  8. Prevents Congenital Glaucoma
  9. Boosts Immunity
  10. Helps Suppress Arthritis Pain
  11. Dragon Fruit During Pregnancy
  12. Prevents Renal Bone Disease
  13. Stronger Teeth And Bones
  14. Is Good For Dengue Patients
  15. Repairs Body Cells
  16. Improves Appetite
  17. Improves Vision
  18. Boosts Brain Function
  19. Cures Respiratory Disorders

Types of dragon fruits-

Three types dragon fruits are found

  1. red colour fruit with white colour flesh
  2. yellow colour fruit with white colour flesh
  3. red colour fruit with red colour flesh

Climate require for dragon fruit cultivation-

Dragon fruits tolerate poor in soil condition.The tropical weather conditions are better for the dragon fruit cultivation.This plants also survive in temperature variation. 50 cm annual rainfall and 20 °C to 30 °C are requires for dragon fruit cultivation.Too much sunlight are effect Dragon fruits plants.we can use shading method for better production of high sunlight areas.

Soil Requirement for Dragon Fruit cultivation

In Dragon fruits cultivation  mostly requires sandy loam or clay loam soil. The sandy soil is better for the dragon fruit cultivation. You should plowed soil until it not achieves the better tilth and weed free. You can also require pH of soil in between 5.5 to 7 and it is good for dragon fruit plant. Before plantation applies any organic compost on the soil in proportional ratio .Good drainage system play a  important role for dragon fruit cultivation.(10-30%) sandy soil with organic matters provide good condition for plant growth.

Dragon Fruit Planting Instructions

There are basically two methods for Dragon fruit Cultivation plantations.

First one-
  • You can directly cut the dragon plants with a knife and divide it into two parts. After that scoop out the black seeds from inner flesh and wash the extra pulp off the seeds. You can use this seeds for cultivation but it takes longer time for growing plant and this method is not appropriate method for commercial cultivate.
Second method
  • The second method is cutting the 20 cm length of the plant from the mother dragon plant before two days of a plantation. Before cultivation, keep this cutting piece in a pot with the mixture of Dry cow dung, Topsoil, and Sand in the ratio of 1:1:2. Avoid sunlight from these cut piece.

When you start cultivation place the every plant 2-meter x 2-meter space between them and planted in a pit which is 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm in a size. Also, fill this pit with 100 grams super phosphate compost. The 1-acre land contains about 1700 dragon fruit plants. For plant proper development and growth put the support of concrete or wooden columns

Fertilizers Of Dragon Fruit Farming

The each plant of dragon fruit requires 10 to 15 kg of organic compost or organic fertilizers for well vegetative grow. In dragon fruit farming for plant better expansion and growth, organic compost or fertilizer can play the main role.

The each plant also requires 40 grams muriate of potash, 90 grams Super phosphate and 70 grams Urea per plant in the vegetative phase.

Apply a high amount of potash and low amount of nitrogen on a plant at fruit bearing phase for obtaining a high yield of dragon fruit.

Take 50 g Urea, 50 g Super phosphate and 100 g muriate of potash and spread this fertilizer on dragon fruit plant from flowering to harvesting stage.

  • Before flower stage in April
  • Fruit developing stage in July to Aug
  • Harvesting of fruit stage In December

Irrigation Of Dragon Fruit Farming

There are many irrigation systems are available in latest technology like drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, micro jet, and basin irrigation but dragon fruit plant requires less water compared to other fruit farming.

So, drip irrigation method is effective and better irrigation system for dragon fruit plants. The irrigation requires frequently in a different stage of dragon fruit farming like planting, flowering and fruit development stage.

Different pests OF Dragon Fruit

  • Mealybugs
  • Aphids
  • Ants
  • Beetles
  • Mites
  • Thrips 

Different Diseases In Dragon Fruit

  •  Botryosphaeria dothidea
  •  Colletotrichum gloesporiodes
  • Bipolaris cactivora
  • Cactus virus X
  •  Stem soft rot caused by Enterobacteria

Harvesting Of Dragon Fruit Farming

The dragon fruit plant gets the flowering in May to June  and fruits from Aug to Dec month. After one year of planting Dragon fruit plant start bearing the fruits.

After one month of flowering stage, dragon fruits are ready for harvest. The immature dragon fruit has a bright green color skin.  After some day fruit skin turns in red color from dark green. The better harvesting time for dragon fruit is 3 to 4 days after fruit change its skin color. You can use the hand and sickle for picking the dragon fruit from the plant. You can expect average 5 to 6 tonnes dragon fruits per acre.

 

 

 

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