dragon fruit farming
Introduction of Dragon fruit farming
Dragon fruit farming has become very popular among Indian farmers.According to the myth the dragon fruit are created the thousand year ago by fire breathing Dragon. During a battle when the dragon would breathe fire the last thing to come out would be fruit. After the dragon was death the fruit is collected and gift to the emperor as a treasure .
The origin of this fruit was south America.its popular various name like pitaya,moon lover,Night blooming(),strawberry pear,belle of night,Condrella plant etc.Over time its cultivation has spread to south eastern asia s well,and it is a quite common fruit in the country of china,Thailand,Vietnam, Srilanka ,Israel.This plant is treated as a ornamental plants as well as fruit producing plant.This fruit can be used in jams ,jelly,ice cream,fruit juice and wine production.
- Family- cactaceae
- Scientific name-Hybcereus undatus
- Origin-South America
- Weight-150 to 600 grams,some reach 1 kilograms
Nutritional value of dragon fruit plant
this fruit is full of nutrients.the creamy white flesh spotted with black seeds way to many rich and natural properties.this fruits content around 60 calories each and are rich in vitamin C,B1,B2,and B3,and minerals such as calcium,iron,phosphorus.
|Calories from Fat||0|
|Total Fat||1.5 g|
|Total Carbohydrates||9 g|
|Dietary Fiber||1 g|
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Benefits of dragon fruit for skin, hair health are surplus. Here you will learn what is dragon fruit good for
Dragon fruit benefits for Skin
- Fights Signs Of Aging
- Treats Acne
- Soothes Sunburned Skin
- Promotes Skin Health
- Provides Essential Moisture To Dry Skin
Dragon fruit benefits for Hair
- Treats Colored Hair
- Promotes Healthy Hair
Dragon fruit benefit for Health
- Lowers Cholesterol
- Helps With Stomach Ailments
- Lowers Blood Sugar
- Improves Cardiovascular Health
- Cuts Low Hemoglobin Risk
- Helps In Weight Management
- Prevents Cancer
- Prevents Congenital Glaucoma
- Boosts Immunity
- Helps Suppress Arthritis Pain
- Dragon Fruit During Pregnancy
- Prevents Renal Bone Disease
- Stronger Teeth And Bones
- Is Good For Dengue Patients
- Repairs Body Cells
- Improves Appetite
- Improves Vision
- Boosts Brain Function
- Cures Respiratory Disorders
Types of dragon fruits-
Three types dragon fruits are found
- red colour fruit with white colour flesh
- yellow colour fruit with white colour flesh
- red colour fruit with red colour flesh
Climate require for dragon fruit cultivation-
Dragon fruits tolerate poor in soil condition.The tropical weather conditions are better for the dragon fruit cultivation.This plants also survive in temperature variation. 50 cm annual rainfall and 20 °C to 30 °C are requires for dragon fruit cultivation.Too much sunlight are effect Dragon fruits plants.we can use shading method for better production of high sunlight areas.
Soil Requirement for Dragon Fruit cultivation
In Dragon fruits cultivation mostly requires sandy loam or clay loam soil. The sandy soil is better for the dragon fruit cultivation.Soil should be plough until soil is well tilth and free from weed. The require pH of soil is between 5.5 to 7 . Before plantation applies any organic manures and compost on the soil in good ratio .Good drainage system play a important role for dragon fruit cultivation. sandy soil with organic matters provide better production in dragon fruit farming.
Dragon Fruit Planting Instructions
There are basically two methods for Dragon fruit farming
- You can directly cut the dragon plants with a knife and divide it into two parts. Then scoop the black seeds out of the inner flesh and wash off the extra pulp. You can use this seeds for cultivation but it takes longer time for growing plant and this method is not appropriate method for commercial cultivate.
- The second method is cutting the 20 cm length of the plant from the mother dragon plant before two days of a plantation.Keep this cutting piece in a pot with a mixture of dry cow dung, fertile soil and sand in a ratio of 1:1:2 before cultivation. Avoid excessive sunlight from these cut piece it is better if we place those cut pieces in shadow area .
When you begin cultivation, place the space between each plant of 2 meters x 2 meters in a pit that is 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm in size.Fill each pit with 100 grams super phosphate compost.The land of 1 acre contains some 1700 plants of dragon fruit. Place the support of concrete or wooden columns for proper plant development and growth.The concrete or wooden columns are very important for dragon fruit farming.
Fertilizers Of Dragon Fruit Farming
Each dragon fruit plant requires 10 to 15 kg organic compost or fertilizer to grow well.In dragon fruit production, organic compost or fertilizer can play a major role in the expansion and growth of plants.
In Dragon fruit farming 40 grams of MOP, 90 grams of superphosphate and 70 grams of urea need per plant during the vegetative phase.
To obtain a high yield of dragon fruit, apply a high amount of potash and a low amount of nitrogen to a plant in the fruit bearing phase.
Take 50 g Urea, 50 g Super phosphate and 100 g muriate of potash and spread this fertilizer on plant root from flowering to harvesting stage.
- Before flower stage in April
- Fruit developing stage in July to Aug
- Harvesting of fruit stage In December
Irrigation Of Dragon Fruit Farming
Many irrigation systems are available in the latest technology, such as drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, micro jet irrigation and basin irrigation, but dragon fruit plants require less water than other fruit cultivation systems.
Drip irrigation is therefore an efficient and better system for irrigation of dragon fruit plants. Irrigation often requires a different phase of fruit production, such as planting, flowering and fruit development.
Different pests OF Dragon Fruit
Different Diseases In Dragon Fruit
- Botryosphaeria dothidea
- Colletotrichum gloesporiodes
- Bipolaris cactivora
- Cactus virus X
- Stem soft rot caused by Enterobacteria
Harvesting Of Dragon Fruit Farming
The dragon fruit plant produces flower in May to June and fruits from Aug to Dec month.After one year of planting, the Dragon fruit plant begins to bear the fruit.
Dragon fruit is ready to be harvested after a month of flowering. The immature dragon fruit has a bright green skin. After 5 days latter, the fruit skin become red in color.The best time to harvest dragon fruit is 3 to 4 days after the fruit changes its color of skin. The hand and the sickle can be used to pick the dragon fruit from the plant. You can expect an average of five to six tons per acre of dragon fruit.
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